Melting Points of Metals

Melting Points of Metals
24 November 2022 Edited Loading... 16857 view(s) 2 min read
Melting Points of Metals

What are melting points?

The melting point of a substance such as that of a metal or metal alloy is the temperature at which the substance transforms from a solid to a liquid. Essentially, it is the temperature at which the metal melts.

Melting metals is important because molten metals are required for casting objects, welding and smelting.

If you wish to learn more, we have blog articles on metal casting and building your own blacksmith's forge.

What are metal alloys?

A metal alloy is the product of the process of combining a metal with another metal or non-metal component. The metal alloy is formed by melting the metals, mixing all the components together and allowing them to cool down to room temperature to subsequently form a new solid substance.

Metal alloys are created because pure metals do not have the appropriate properties for every application. For instance, a metal alloy can have increased strength, chemical resistance and machinability as compared to a pure metal.

Common examples of metal alloys include cast iron, aluminium alloy and stainless steel.

Metal & Metal Alloy Melting Temperatures

Elements

Symbol

Melting Point Celsius

°C

Melting Point Fahrenheit

°F

Aluminium

Al

659

1218

Brass (85 Cu 15 Zn)

Cu+Zn

900 - 940

1652 - 1724

Bronze (90 Cu 10 Sn)

Cu+Sn

850 - 1000

1562 - 832

Cast Iron

C+Si+Mn+Fe

1260

2300

Carbon

C

3600

6512

Chromium

Cr

1615

3034

Copper

Cu

1083

1981

Gold

Au

1063

1946

Hydrogen

H

-259

-434.2

Inconel

Ni+Cr+Fe

1393

2540

Iron

Fe

1530

2786

Lead

Pb

327

621

Magnesium

Mg

670

1240

Manganese

Mn

1260

2300

Nickel

Ni

1452

2646

Phosphorous

P

44

111

Silicon

Si

1420

2588

Silver

Ag

961

1762

Stainless Steel

Cr+Ni+Mn+C

1363

2550

Steel - High Carbon

Cr+Ni+Mn+C

1353

2500

Steel - Medium Carbon

Cr+Ni+Mn+C

1427

2600

Steel - Low Carbon

Cr+Ni+Mn+C

1464

2700

Tin

Sn

232

450

Titanium

Ti

1795

3263

Tungsten

W

3000

5432

Zinc

Zn

419

786

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