Tandoori Oven- A brief overview
One of the most famous ovens that is currently in use today is a 'tandoori oven', also known as a tandoor in short. The tandoori oven is used quite commonly throughout Asia for making flat breads, especially in South East Asia. The Tandoori oven is basically a cylindrical oven made from clay or metal, and has an opening on top. The tandoori oven plays a vital role in Central, Western and Southern Asia, where people make flat breads, or 'chapatis', in it. In Western countries, the tandoori oven is also used for baking purposes.
At the bottom of the tandoori oven, there are charcoals or usually wood fire, which is used to heat up the oven. The charcoals or the wood is generally lit up within the tandoori oven itself, which means that the food comes in to exposure with the live fire. This is great for foods that require radiant heat cooking, convectional cooking or hot air cooking. Additional smoke is generated by the fat as well as the juices that drip down on the wood fire or the charcoal throughout the cooking process. In common circumstances, the temperatures within a tandoori oven can escalate up to 480 degrees Celsius, or 900 degrees Fahrenheit. In comparison with various other ovens, the tandoori oven is lit for long periods of time so as to make sure that the cooking temperatures remain at a high level.
In some places, the tandoori oven is created within the ground itself. Ceramic is used to create an elevated platform, with the oven dug inside. Hence, the opening of the tandoor falls at the top. In order to cook food items within the tandoori oven (usually flatbreads), a person must place the flatbread (uncooked) on a wet surface first, and then whack it against the side of the tandoor. As the sides of the tandoori oven are hot, the wet surface of the wheat sticks to the sides, allowing it to cook. As the flat bread receives the heat and begins to get cooked, it tends to inflate and gets unstuck from the sides. Before it falls in to the fire, the user must use metal sticks in order to remove them from the tandoori oven.
Apart from flat breads, a number of other food items can also be cooked in a tandoori oven. Tandoori chicken is perhaps one of the most common examples. Marinated chicken is placed inside the tandoor on a balanced dish. The tandoori chicken soon gains a yellow- orange color, after which it is removed and served.
Creating a tandoori oven might require the use of complex items, which is why most people just prefer to buy portable tandoori ovens from the market. Portable tandoori ovens must also be lit using a fire source, such as fire wood or charcoal. A host of meat items are also created within the tandoori oven. Because of the space that they occupy, most tandoori ovens are usually placed in separate, open environments.